James Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan earned great fame as the man who led the heroic, but futile Charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava in 1854. He was one of the richest men in Britain and spent a fortune equipping his regiment, the 11th Hussars, with the finest equipment and uniforms. He insisted on aristocratic manners and once courtmartialled an officer or ordering beer, instead of wine, at dinner. He challenged another to a duel for turning up for dinner with improperly polished buttons. Undoubtedly brave, his prickly temperament and unpopularity with more senior officers led to his retirement in 1866. The cardigan, a knitted jumper that buttons up the front, was named in his honour.
from "Heroes, Rascals and Rogues" by Rupert Matthews
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