Friday, 8 August 2014

The Powers of the King in Ancient Rome

The Powers of the King in Ancient Rome

The system of government under the kings of Rome is unclear. The Romans liked to claim that many features of government dated back to the time of the kings to make them appear older and more prestigious than they actually were.

The earliest kings – Romulus and Numa Pompilius – ruled over a small state. They probably ruled directly, issuing orders and ensuring that they were carried out themselves.

All the kings held the position of chief priest of Rome. He had to supervise the other priests to make sure that the correct rituals and sacrifices were carried out.

The kings were also the commanders of the army. They had to supervise the mustering of the citizens and the selection of those who would go on campaign and those who would stay in Rome.

On campaign the king was the general of the army. He decided what strategy would be followed, which tactics would be used and gave orders to the various units when battle was joined.

from "1000 Facts on Ancient Rome" by Rupert Matthews
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