The Greeks arrive in Greece
About 5,000 years ago the peoples living in what is now Greece learned how to plant grain crops such as wheat and barley and how to grow fruits such as plums and grapes. They began to live as farmers.
About the year 2000bc a new type of people began to move into Greece from the north and northeast. These people were the Hellenes, the ancestors of the Greeks.
The early Greeks were pastoralists, meaning that they herded cattle, horses and sheep. As they settled in Greece they learned to stay in one place farming food crops.
The goats and sheep that the Greeks brought with them ate leaves and shoots from young trees and so stopped them growing. Slowly the forests were destroyed.
from "1000 Facts on Ancient Greece" by Rupert Matthews
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